There a few major differences between ISO 9001:2008 and ISO 9001:2015, Same with ISO 14001:2015. For the First Time a Safety Standard ISO 45001:2018 has been introduced.
These 3 standards Quality ISO 9001: 2015, Environment ISO 14001:2015 and Safety ISO 45001:2018 follow the same framework which includes mainly identifying the
Context of The Organization,
The Internal and external stakeholders for the Organization. Examples of Internal Stakeholders are Employees and Owners of the Organization while External Stake Holders are Customers, Suppliers, Sub- Contractors.
The Standard wants you to meet the Needs and Expectations of all Stakeholders both Internal and External.
This requires Identifying all the Needs and Expectations and then putting in place plans to meet these Needs and Expectations.
Risk and Opportunities.
This is where you Identify all the Business Risks and Opportunities and then put in place mitigation factors to reduce the impact of Risk and increase the Opportunity.
The standard places a lot of Importance on Leadership and wants the Involvement of the Top Management to drive the standards within the Organization .
This includes providing resources ,Developing and Sign on the Quality, Safety and Environmental Policy.
The Top leadership should be an integral part of the Management Review Meetings.
Captures all the knowledge within the Organization, this capturing of core knowledge helps the organization for succession planning.
Life Cycle Assessment
For the First time the Environmental ISO 14001:2015 has introduced Life Cycle Assessment where the Raw material , the Finished Product, the Waste produced all require to be assessed from the view of Life Cycle Assessment with the ultimate goal of reducing waste going to landfill and reducing environmental impact.
The Safety Standard has introduced a term “Worker” this covers the Managerial as well as non Managerial staff of the Organization. All Sub Contractors employees who work under the guidance and control of the Organization are also considered as Workers.
Typically, an entire organization will seek certification, but the scope of the Management System can be tailored to improve performance at a particular facility or department. It does NOT matter what size your organization is: 1 person or 1 million people.